When an individual cannot focus on objects in his or her close range of vision, the condition is known as farsightedness or hyperopia. Individuals with farsightedness have a shorter cornea, which causes the light that enters the eyes to focus at a point beneath the retina. To correct farsightedness, the position in which the light is focused on the retina must be changed. After discussing your vision problems with Dr. Boothe, he will recommend the best treatment options to you. The options available to correct farsightedness are corrective lenses, refractive surgery, and eye exercises.
Most young people do not require any treatment for hyperopia because their eyes are flexible and will compensate for the nearsightedness; however, as we age, the natural lens becomes less flexible, and the patient will likely need to use corrective lenses to be able to see adequately. There are two types of corrective lenses: eye glasses and contact lenses. There are different types of eye glasses available, such as reading lenses, bifocals, and trifocals. Contact lenses are also available in different forms, including hard, soft, gas permeable, bifocals, disposable, and extended wear lenses.
Most people who suffer from farsightedness use eye glasses and contact lenses to correct their condition. Both of these options are less expensive and less risky in comparison to surgical procedures. It is important to schedule regular visits with Dr. Boothe so he can determine if your eyes have changed and if you require a new prescription. Lenses are the best option for children and teenagers, as the prescription of their eyes will change frequently, making surgery an unsuitable option. Implantable contact lenses are also an option for treating farsightedness. Implantable contact lenses (ICLs) are a viable option for patients who have a thin cornea, which may make refractive surgery impossible. Patients who suffer from dry eyes are also ideal candidates for ICLs. Implantable contact lenses can be removed and replaced if the patient’s prescription changes after several years.
Refractive surgery is also an excellent option for treating hyperopia. The refractive surgeries that are used to correct farsightedness are LASIK, LASEK, PRK, Conductive Keratoplasty, and Epi-LASIK. LASIK is the most successful and popular refractive surgery used to treat farsightedness. In this procedure, Dr. Boothe will create a corneal flap and then use an excimer laser to carefully reshape the corneal tissue behind it. Afterwards, the flap is repositioned in its original place. In LASEK, the epithelial cells of the cornea will be weakened with an alcohol solution in order to fold them back from the eye, in a similar manner as LASIK. The cornea is then reshaped with the help of a laser.
PRK, or photorefractive keratectomy, is a procedure in which a corneal flap is not created, but rather the epithelial cells of the cornea are removed completely using an alcohol solution. The recovery period for PRK is longer as the corneal flap is not present to cover the cornea during the healing process. In Conductive Keratoplasty, radiofrequency energy is used to shrink the cornea in order to change its shape. In the Epi-LASIK procedure, the corneal flap is created with a specialized surgical blade. Epi-LASIK is suitable for patients who have thin corneas. Dr. Boothe is experienced in performing all the above mentioned procedures.
Read reviews of actual patients who underwent laser eye surgery.